Cataracts are a common eye condition characterised by the clouding of the eye’s natural lens, this clouding leads to a gradual loss of vision. The lens is typically clear, allowing light to pass through and focus onto the retina at the back of the eye. However, when cataracts develop, the lens becomes cloudy, scattering light and causing blurred or hazy vision.

Here are key points about cataracts



Cataracts often develop as a result of the natural aging process, however they can also be caused by other factors such as prolonged exposure to UV light, certain medical conditions including diabetes, eye trauma, or certain medications.


Symptoms of cataracts include blurred or dimmed vision, difficulty seeing in low light conditions, increased sensitivity to glare, and colours appearing faded. As cataracts progress, they can interfere with daily activities including reading, driving, and recognising faces.


There are different types of cataracts based on their location within the lens and the cause. The most common type is age-related, but others include congenital cataracts (present at birth) and secondary cataracts (resulting from other eye conditions or surgeries).


The primary treatment for cataracts is surgery, this involves removing the cloudy lens and replacing it with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL). It is a highly successful and routine procedure with a high rate of success in restoring clear vision.


While cataracts cannot be entirely prevented, certain measures can be taken to reduce the risk of developing them. These include protecting the eyes from UV light with the addition of UV coatings, managing underlying health conditions, and adopting a healthy lifestyle.

Regular eye exams are crucial for detecting cataracts and other eye conditions early on, allowing for timely intervention. If you notice changes in your vision or experience symptoms associated with cataracts, please contact us to arrange your comprehensive eye examination.